Capacity-Building Development Plan
The National Institute of Health (NIH) is the leading federal institution for biomedical research in Somalia. Its vision is to improve capacity-building development for the health of the Somali people through innovative integration of research, education, training, and prevention and control of diseases.
The NIH supports and conducts scientific research that addresses important public health issues for the country and guides the decision-making of public health authorities. The NIH collaborates with the Ministry of Health and Human Services (MOH&HS) and other national and international partners to build health capacity for Somalia and to achieve universal health coverage and the Sustainable Development Goals.
The NIH’s main functions include:
- – International Health Regulation Focal Point (IHRFP)
- – Field Epidemiology Capacity Development
- – Public Health Emergency Operations Center
- – Public Health Laboratory Capacity Development
- – Public Health Research Unit
Somalia’s International Health Regulation Focal Point (IHRFP)
The main objectives of the IHR 2005 are to reduce morbidity, mortality, disability, and socio-economic disruptions caused by outbreaks, emergencies, and public health threats of national, regional, and global concern. To achieve these objectives, NIH works to improve and strengthen the country’s reporting to WHO as required by the IHR 2005. NIH also supports the development and maintenance of the core capacities for surveillance and response at the federal and state levels. In addition, NIH contributes to the health research and development agenda in Somalia by collecting, interpreting, and analyzing data on public health hazards.
Field Epidemiology Capacity Development
The first Frontline-FETP in Somalia was inaugurated on 29th August 2021. A total of 44 health workers graduated in two cohorts that were selected from national and sub-national levels. The first cohort had 21 participants and graduated in July 2022, while the second cohort had 23 participants and graduated in August 2022. The Frontline-FETP targets public health professionals and surveillance/IDSR officers at national, state, regional, and district levels. It provides short training to enhance the epidemiological skills of health professionals and services.
Public Health Emergency Operations Center
PHEOC objectives are:
- – To establish event-based surveillance as an effective mechanism for early warning, risk assessment, disease prediction, and response coordination.
- – To set up a National PHEOC that can oversee and integrate surveillance systems across different sectors and ensure that surveillance data informs national policy and public health actions.
- – To enhance the implementation of the existing surveillance systems (such as Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response IDSR) within the National and Regional Member States to foster collaboration and data sharing on surveillance.
- – To assist Member States in building a competent and sufficient surveillance workforce, as well as providing tools and resources to support IDSR and IHR compliance.
Public Health Laboratory Capacity Development
Public Health Research Unit
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